NEET Exam Information 2024 | Date Syllabus Questions

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Physics: Unit 01

Physical world and measurement
Units of measurements, system of units, S.I. units, fundamental and derived units, least count, significant figures, errors in measurements, dimensions of physics quantities, dimensional analysis, and its applications

Physics: Unit 02

Frame of reference, motion in a straight line; position-time graph, speed, and velocity; uniform and non-uniform motion, average speed, and instantaneous velocity, uniformly accelerated motion, velocity-time, position-time graphs
Relation for uniformly accelerated motion, scalar and vector, vector
Addition and subtraction of vectors, scalar and vector products, unit vector
Resolution of a vector
Relative velocity, motion in a plane, projectile motion, uniform circular motion

Physics: Unit 03

Laws of motion
Force and inertia, Newton’s first law of motion; momentum, Newton’s second law of motion; impulse; Newton’s third law of motion
Law of conservation of linear momentum and its applications
Equilibrium of concurrent forces
Static and kinetic friction, laws of friction, rolling friction
Dynamics of uniform circular motion: Centripetal force and its applications, vehicle on level circular road, vehicle on banked road

Physics: Unit 04

Work, energy, and power
Work done by a constant force and variable force; kinetic energy and potential energies, work-energy theorem, power
The potential energy of a spring conservation of mechanical energy, conservative and non-conservative forces; motion in a vertical circle: Elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two dimensions

Physics: Unit 05

Rotational motion
Centre of mass of a two-particle system, centre of mass of a rigid body; basic concepts of rotational motion; moment of a force; torque, angular momentum, conservation of angular momentum and its applications; the moment of inertia, the radius of gyration
Values of moment of inertia for simple geometrical objects, parallel and perpendicular axes theorems, and their applications
Equilibrium of rigid bodies, rigid body rotation and equations of rotational motion, comparison of linear and rotational motions

Physics: Unit 06

The universal law of gravitation
Acceleration due to gravity and its variation with altitude and depth
Kepler’s laws of planetary motion
Gravitational potential energy; gravitational potential
Escape velocity, motion of a satellite, orbital velocity, time period and energy of satellite

Physics: Unit 07

Properties of solids and liquids
Elastic behaviour, stress-strain relationship, Hooke’s law
Young’s modulus, bulk modulus, modulus of rigidity
Pressure due to a fluid column; Pascal’s law and its applications
Effect of gravity on fluid pressure
Stokes’ law
Terminal velocity, streamline and turbulent flow
Critical velocity
Bernoulli’s principle and its applications
Surface energy and surface tension, angle of contact, excess of pressure across of curved surface, application of surface tension-drops, bubbles and capillary rise
Heat, temperature, thermal expansion; specific heat capacity, calorimetry; change of state, latent heat
Heat transfer-conduction, convection, and radiation

Physics: Unit 08

Thermal equilibrium, zeroth law of thermodynamics, the concept of temperature
Heat, work, and internal energy
First law of thermodynamics, isothermal and adiabatic processes
Second law of the thermodynamics: Reversible and irreversible processes

Physics: Unit 09

Kinetic theory of gases
Equation of state of a perfect gas, work done on compressing a gas, kinetic theory of gases-assumptions, concept of pressure
Kinetic interpretation of temperature: RMS speed of gas molecules-degrees of freedom
Law of equipartition of energy and applications to specific heat capacities of gases; mean free path
Avogadro’s number

Physics: Unit 10

Oscillations and waves
Oscillations and periodic motion-time period, frequency, displacement as a function of time
Periodic functions
Simple Harmonic Motion (S.H.M.) and its equation; phase; oscillations of a spring-restoring force and force constant; energy in S.H.M.-kinetic and potential energies; simple pendulum-derivation of expression for its time period
Wave motion
Longitudinal and transverse waves, speed of wave motion
Displacement relation for a progressive wave
Principle of superposition of waves, reflection of waves
Standing waves in strings and organ pipes, fundamental mode and harmonics

Physics: Unit 11

Electric charges: conservation of charge
Coulomb’s law-force between two point charges, forces between multiple charges: Superposition principle and continuous charge distribution
Electric field: Electric field due to a point charge, electric field lines. Electric dipole, electric field due to a dipole. Torque on a dipole in a uniform electric field
Electric flux
Gauss’s law and its applications to find field due to infinitely long straight wire, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell
Electric potential and its calculation for a point charge, electric dipole and system of charges; potential difference, equipotential surfaces, electrical potential energy of a system of two point charges and of electric dipole in an electrostatic field
Conductors and insulators
Dielectrics and electric polarization, capacitors and capacitance, the combination of capacitors in series and in parallel, capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium between the plates
Energy stored in a capacitor

Physics: Unit 12

Current electricity
Electric current
Drift velocity, mobility, and their relation with electric current
Ohm’s law
Electrical resistance
V-I characteristics of Ohmic and non-Ohmic conductors
Electrical energy and power
Electrical resistivity, and conductivity
Series and parallel combinations of resistors; temperature dependence of resistance
Internal resistance of a cell, potential difference and EMF of a cell, a combination of cells in series and in parallel
Kirchhoff’s laws and simple applications
Wheatstone bridge
Meter bridge

Physics: Unit 13

Magnetic effects of current and magnetism
Biot-Savart law and its application to current carrying circular loop
Ampere’s law and its applications to infinitely long straight wire, straight and toroidal solenoids
Force on a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields
Force on a current-carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field
Force between two parallel current-carrying conductors-definition of ampere
Torque experienced by a current loop in a magnetic field: Moving coil galvanometer-its current sensitivity and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter
Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment
Bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid; magnetic field line; magnetic field due to a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) arong its axis and perpendicular to its axis
Torque on a magnetic dipole in a uniform magnetic field
Para-, dia-, and ferro-magnetic substances with examples, effect of temperature on magnetic properties

Physics: Unit 14

Electromagnetic induction and alternating currents
Electromagnetic induction: Faraday’s law
Induced EMF and current; Lenz’s law, Eddy currents
Self and mutual inductance
Alternating currents, peak and RMS value of alternating current/ voltage: Reactance and impedance; LCR series circuit, resonance; power in AC circuits, wattless current
AC generator and transformer

Physics: Unit 15

Electromagnetic waves
Displacement current
Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics
Transverse nature of electromagnetic waves
Electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible, ultraviolet, X-rays, gamma rays), applications of E.M. waves

Physics: Unit 16

Reflection of light, spherical mirrors, mirror formula
Refraction of light at plane and spherical surface, thin lens formula and lens maker formula
Total internal reflection and its applications
Power of a lens
Combination of thin lenses in contact
Refraction of light through a prism
Microscope and astronomical telescope (reflecting and refracting ) and their magnifying powers
Wave optics: Wavefront and Huygens principle, laws of reflection and refraction using Huygens principle. Interference young’s double-slit experiment and expression for fringe width, coherent sources, and sustained interference of light
Wave optics: Diffraction due to a single slit, width of central maximum. Polarization, plane-polarized light: Brewster’s law, uses of plane-polarized light and polaroid

Physics: Unit 17

Dual nature of matter and radiation
Dual nature of radiation
Photoelectric effect
Hertz and Lenard’s observations; Einstein’s photoelectric equation: Particle nature of light
Matter waves-wave nature of particle, de Broglie relation

Physics: Unit 18

Atoms and nuclei
Alpha-particle scattering experiment; Rutherford’s model of atom; Bohr model, energy levels’ hydrogen spectrum
Composition and size of nucleus, atomic masses, mass-energy relation, mass defect; binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number, nuclear fission, and fusion

Physics: Unit 19

Electronic devices
Semiconductors; semiconductor diode: I-V characteristics in forward and reverse bias; diode as a rectifier; I-V characteristics of LED
The photodiode, solar cell, and Zener diode; Zener diode as a voltage regulator, logic gates (OR. AND. NOT. NAND and NOR)

Physics: Unit 20

Experimental skills
Familiarity with the basic approach and observations of the experiments and activities: (1) Vernier calipers-its use to measure the internal and external diameter and depth of a vessel
Familiarity with the basic approach and observations of the experiments and activities: (2) Screw gauge-its use to determine thickness/ diameter of thin sheet/wire
Familiarity with the basic approach and observations of the experiments and activities: (3) Simple pendulum-dissipation of energy by plotting a graph between the square of amplitude and time
Familiarity with the basic approach and observations of the experiments and activities: (4) Metre scale-the mass of a given object by the principle of moments. (5) Young’s modulus of elasticity of the material of a metallic wire
Familiarity with the basic approach and observations of the experiments and activities: (6) Surface tension of water by capillary rise and effect of detergents
Familiarity with the basic approach and observations of the experiments and activities: (7) Coefficient of viscosity of a given viscous liquid by measuring terminal velocity of a given spherical body
Familiarity with the basic approach and observations of the experiments and activities: (8) Speed of sound in air at room temperature using a resonance tube. (9) Specific heat capacity of a given-(i) solid and (ii) liquid by method of mixtures
Familiarity with the basic approach and observations of the experiments and activities: (10) The resistivity of the material of a given wire using a metre bridge. (11) The resistance of a given wire using Ohm’s law
Familiarity with the basic approach and observations of the experiments and activities: (12) Resistance and figure of merit of a galvanometer by half deflection method
Familiarity with the basic approach and observations of the experiments and activities: (13) The focal length of; convex mirror, concave mirror, convex lens using the parallax method
Familiarity with the basic approach and observations of the experiments and activities: (14) The plot of the angle of deviation vs angle of incidence for a triangular prism
Familiarity with the basic approach and observations of the experiments and activities: (15) Refractive index of a glass slab using a travelling microscope. (16) Characteristic curves of a p-n junction diode in forward and reverse bias
Familiarity with the basic approach and observations of the experiments and activities: (17) Characteristic curves of a zener diode and finding reverse breakdown voltage
Familiarity with the basic approach and observations of the experiments and activities: (18) Identification of diode. LED,. resistor. A capacitor from a mixed collection of such items

Chemistry: Unit 01

Some basic concepts in chemistry
Matter and its nature, Dalton’s atomic theory: Concept of atom, molecule, element. and compound: Laws of chemical combination; atomic and molecular masses, mole concept, molar mass, percentage composition
Empirical and molecular formulae: Chemical equations and stoichiometry

Chemistry: Unit 02

Atomic structure
Nature of electromagnetic radiation, photoelectric effect; spectrum of the hydrogen atom
Bohr model of a hydrogen atom-its postulates, derivation of the relations for the energy of the electron and radii of the different orbits, limitations of Bohr’s model; dual nature of matter, de Broglie’s relationship
Heisenberg uncertainty principle
Elementary ideas of quantum mechanics, quantum mechanics, the quantum mechanical model of the atom, its important features
Concept of atomic orbitals as one-electron wave functions: Variation of Ψ and Ψ2 with r for 1s and 2s orbitals; various quantum numbers (principal, angular momentum, arrd magnetic quantum numbers) and their significance
Shapes of s, p, and d – orbitals, electron spin and spin quantum number: Rules for filling electrons in orbitals-Aufbau principle
Pauli’s exclusion principle and Hund’s rule, electronic configuration of elements, extra stability of half-filled and completely filled orbitals

Chemistry: Unit 03

Chemical bonding and molecular structure
Kossel-Lewis approach to chemical bond formation, the concept of ionic and covalent bonds
Ionic bonding: Formation of ionic bonds, factors affecting the formation of ionic bonds; calculation of lattice enthalpy
Covalent bonding: Concept of electronegativity. Fajan’s rule, dipole moment: Valence shell electron pair repulsion (VSEPR) theory and shapes of simple molecules
Quantum mechanical approach to covalent bonding: Valence bond theory-its important features, the concept of hybridization involving s, p, and d orbitals; resonance
Molecular orbital theory: Its important features. LCAOs, types of molecular orbitals (bonding, antibonding), sigma and pi-bonds, molecular orbital electronic configuration of homonuclear diatomic molecules
Molecular orbital theory: The concept of bond order, bond length, and bond energy
Elementary idea of metallic bonding
Hydrogen bonding and is applications

Chemistry: Unit 04

Chemical thermodynamics
Fundamentals of thermodynamics: System and surroundings, extensive and intensive properties state functions, types of processes
The first law of thermodynamics: Concept of work, heat internal energy and enthalpy, heat capacity, molar heat capacity; Hess’s law of constant heat summation; enthalpies of bond dissociation, combustion formation, atomization, sublimation
The first law of thermodynamics: Phase transition, hydration, ionization and solution
The second law of thermodynamics: Spontaneity of processes; ∆S of the universe and ∆G of the system as criteria for spontaneity. ∆G◦ (standard Gibbs energy change) and equilibrium constant

Chemistry: Unit 05

Different methods for expressing the concentration of solution-molarity, molarity, more fraction, percentage (by volume and mass both), the vapour pressure of solutions and Raoult’s law-Ideal and non-ideal solutions
Vapour pressure-composition, plots for ideal and non-ideal solutions; colligative properties of dilute solutions-a relative lowering of vapour pressure, depression or mass freezing point the elevation of boiling point and osmotic pressure
Determination of molecular mass; using colligative properties; abnormal value of molar mass, Van’t Hoff factor and its significance

Chemistry: Unit 06

Meaning of equilibrium, the concept of dynamic equilibrium
Equilibria involving physical processes: Solid-liquid, liquid-gas and solid-gas equilibria, law, Henry’s law. General characteristics of equilibrium involving physical processes
Equilibrium involving physical processes: Law of chemical equilibrium, equilibrium constants (Kp and Kc) and their significance, the significance of ∆S and ∆G◦ in chemical equilibrium
Equilibrium involving physical processes: Factors affecting equilibrium concentration, pressure, temperature, catalyst; Le Chatelier’s principle
Ionic equilibrium: Weak and strong electrolytes, acids and bases (Arrhenius. Bronsted-Lowry and Lewis) and their ionization, Acid-base equilibria (Including multi stage ionization) and ionization constants, ionization of water
Ionic equilibrium: pH scale, common ion effect, hydrolysis of salts and pH of their solutions, the solubility of sparingly soluble salts and solubility products, buffer solutions

Chemistry: Unit 07

Redox reactions and electrochemistry
Electronic concepts of oxidation and reduction, redox reactions, oxidation number, rules for assigning oxidation reactions, oxidation number, balancing of redox reactions
Electrolytic and metallic conduction, conductance and their in electrolytic solutions, molar conductivities variation with concentration: Kohlrausch’s law and its applications
Electrochemical cells-electrolytic and galvanic cells, different potentials including types of electrodes, electrode potential including standard electrode potential, half cell and cell reaction
EMF of a galvanic cell and its measurement: Nernst equation and its applications; relationship between cell potential and gibbs energy change: Dry cell and lead accumulator; fuel cells

Chemistry: Unit 08

Chemical kinetics
Rate of a chemical reaction, factors affecting the rate of reactions: Concentration, temperature, pressure, and catalyst; elementary and complex reactions, order and molecularity of reactions, rate law, rate constant and its units
Differential and integral forms of zero and first-order reactions, their characteristics and half-lives, the effect of temperature on the rate of reactions, Arrhenius theory. activation energy and its calculation
Collision theory of bimolecular gaseous reactions (no derivation)

Chemistry: Unit 09

Classification of elements and periodicity in properties
Modern periodic law and present form of the periodic table. s, p. d and f block elements, periodic trends in properties of elements atomic and ionic radii, ionization enthalpy, electron gain enthalpy, valence, oxidation states, and chemical reactivity

Chemistry: Unit 10

P-block elements
Group-13 to group 18 elements: General introduction-electronic configuration and general trends in physical and chemical properties of elements across the periods and down the groups; unique behaviour of the first element in each group

Chemistry: Unit 11

d and f- block elements
Transition Elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence and characteristics, general trends in properties of the first-row transition elements – physical properties, ionization enthalpy, oxidation states
Transition Elements: Atomic radii. colour. catalytic behaviour. magnetic properties, complex formation, interstitial compounds, alloy formation; preparation, properties, and uses of K2Cr2O7, and KMnO4
inner transition elements: Lanthanoids-electronic configuration, oxidation states, and lanthanoid contraction. Actinoids-electronic configuration and oxidation states

Chemistry: Unit 12

Coordination compounds
Introduction to coordination compounds
Werner’s theory; ligands, coordination number, denticity. Chelation; IUPAC nomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds, isomerism; bonding-valence bond approach and basic ideas of Crystal field theory, colour and magnetic properties
Importance of coordination compounds (in qualitative analysis, extraction of meals and in biological systems

Chemistry: Unit 13

Purification and characterisation of organic compounds
Purification: Crystallization, sublimation, distillation, differential extraction, and chromatography-principles and their applications
Qualitative analysis: Detection of nitrogen, sulphur, phosphorus, and halogens
Quantitative analysis (basic principles only): Estimation of carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, halogens, sulphur, phosphorus
Calculations of empirical formula and molecular formulae: Numerical problems in organic quantitative analysis

Chemistry: Unit 14

Some basic principles of organic chemistry
Tetravalency of carbon: Shapes of simple molecules-hybridization (s and p)-classification of organic compounds based on functional groups and those containing halogens, oxygen, nitrogen and sulphur
Tetravalency of carbon: homologous series-Isomerism: Structural and stereoisomerism
Nomenclature (trivial and IUPAC): Covalent bond fission-homolytic and heterolytic: Free radicals, carbocations. and carbanions; stability of carbocations and free radicals, electrophiles, and nucleophiles
Electronic displacement in a covalent bond: Inductive effect, electromeric effect, resonance, and hyperconjugation
Common types of organic reactions: Substitution, addition, elimination, and rearrangement

Chemistry: Unit 15

Classification, isomerism, IUPAC nomenclature, general methods of preparation, properties, and reactions
Alkanes: Conformations Sawhorse and Newman projections (of ethane) mechanism of halogenation of alkanes
Alkenes: Geometrical isomerism-mechanism of electrophilic addition: Addition of hydrogen, halogens, water, hydrogen halides (Markownikoff’s and peroxide effect) ozonolysis and polymerization
Alkynes: Acidic character-addition of hydrogen, water, and hydrogen halides; polymerization
Aromatic hydrocarbons: Nomenclature, benzene-structure and aromaticity: Mechanism of electrophilic substitution; halogenation, nitration
Friedel-crafts alkylation and acylation, directive influence of the functional group in mono- substituted benzene

Chemistry: Unit 16

Organic compounds containing halogens
General methods of preparation, properties, and reactions; nature of C-X bond; mechanisms of substitution reactions
Uses; environmental effects of chloroform, iodoform freons, and DDT

Chemistry: Unit 17

Organic compounds containing oxygen
General methods of preparation, properties, reactions, and uses
Alcohols, phenols & ethers: (i) Alcohols-identification of primary, secondary, and tertiary alcohols; mechanism of dehydration. (ii) Phenols: Acidic nature, electrophilic substitution reactions, halogenation, nitration and sulphonation
Alcohols, phenols & ethers: (ii) Phenols-Reimer-Tiemann reaction. (iii) Ethers: Structure
Aldehyde and ketones: Nature of carbonyl group; nucleophilic addition to >c=o group, relative reactivities of aldehydes and ketones; important reactions such as-nucleophilic addition reactions (addition of HCN. NH3, and its derivatives), Grignard reagent
Aldehyde and ketones: Oxidation reduction (Wolf Kishner and Clemmensen); the acidity of α-hydrogen. Aldol condensation, Cannizzaro reaction. Haloform reaction, chemical tests to distinguish between aldehydes and Ketones. Haloform reaction
Aldehyde and ketones: Chemical tests to distinguish between aldehydes and Ketones
Carboxylic acids
Acidic strength and factors affecting it

Chemistry: Unit 18

Organic compounds containing nitrogen
General methods of preparation. Properties, reactions, and uses
Amines: Nomenclature, classification structure, basic character, and identification of primary, secondary, and tertiary amines and their basic character
Diazonium salts: importance in synthetic organic chemistry

Chemistry: Unit 19

General introduction and importance of biomolecules
Carbohydrates: Classification; aldoses and ketoses: Monosaccharides (glucose and fructose) and constituent monosaccharides of oligosaccharides (sucrose, lactose, and maltose)
Proteins: Elementary idea of α-amino acids, peptide bond, polypeptides. Proteins: Primary, secondary, tertiary, and quaternary structure (qualitative idea only), denaturation of proteins, enzymes
Vitamins: Classification and functions
Nucleic acids: Chemical constitution of DNA and RNA
Biological functions of nucleic acids
Hormones (general introduction)

Chemistry: Unit 20

Principles related to practical, chemistry
Detection of extra elements (nitrogen, sulphur, halogens) in organic compounds; detection of the following functional group; hydroxyl (alcoholic and phenolic), carbonyl (aldehyde and ketones) carboxyl, and amino groups in organic compounds
The chemistry involved in the preparation of the following: (i) Inorganic compounds: Mohr’s salt, potash alum. (ii) Organic compounds: Acetanilide, p-nitro acetanilide, aniline yellow, iodoform
The chemistry involved in the titrimetric exercises: Acids, bases and the use of indicators, oxalic-acid vs KMnO4, Mohr’s salt vs KMnO4
Chemical principles involved in the qualitative salt analysis: (i) Cations-Pb²⁺, Cu²⁺, Al³⁺, Fe³⁺, Zn²⁺, Ni²⁺, Ca²⁺, Ba²⁺, Mg²⁺, NH₄⁺. (b) Anions-CO²₃¯, S²¯, SO²₄¯, NO³¯, NO²¯, Cl¯, Br¯, I¯ (insoluble salts excluded)
Chemical principles involved in the following experiments: (i) Enthalpy of solution of CuSO4. (ii) Enthalpy of neutralization of strong acid and strong base. (iii) Preparation of lyophilic and lyophobic sols
Chemical principles involved in the following experiments: (iv) Kinetic study of the reaction of iodide ions with hydrogen peroxide at room temperature


Zoology: Unit 01

Diversity in living world
Salient features and classification of animals-nonchordate up to phyla level and chordate up to classes level (three to five salient features and at least two examples)

Zoology: Unit 02

Structural organisation in animals and plants
Animal tissues; morphology, anatomy and functions of different systems (digestive, circulatory, respiratory, nervous and reproductive) of an insect (frog). Brief account onlY

Zoology: Unit 03

Cell structure and function
Cell theory and cell as the basic unit of life; structure of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell; plant cell and animal cell; cell envelope, cell membrane, cell wall; cell organelles-structure and function; endomembrane system-endoplasmic reticulum
Endomembrane system-golgi bodies, lysosomes, vacuoles; mitochondria, ribosomes, plastids, micro bodies; cytoskeleton, cilia, flagella, centrioles (ultra structure and function); nucleus-nuclear membrane, chromatin, nucleolus
Chemical constituents of living cells: Biomolecules-structure and function of proteins, carbohydrates. lipids, nucleic acid; enzymes-types, properties, enzyme action, classification and nomenclature of enzymes
B cell division: Cell cycle, mitosis, meiosis and their significance

Zoology: Unit 04

Human physiology
Breathing and Respiration: Respiratory organs in animals (reca onry); respiratory system in humans; mechanism of breathing and its regulation in humans-exchange of gases, transport of gases and regulation of respiration respiratory volumes
Breathing and Respiration: Disorders related to respiration-asthma emphysema, occupational respiratory disorders
Body fluids and circulation: Composition of blood, blood groups, coagulation of brood; composition of lymph and its function; human circulatory system-structure of human heart and blood vessels; cardiac cycle, cardiac output, ECG, double circulation
Body fluids and circulation: Regulation of cardiac activity; disorders of circulatory system-hypertension, coronary artery disease, angina pectoris, heart failure
Excretory products and their elimination: Modes of excretion-ammonotelism, ureotelism, uricotelism; human excretory system-structure and function; urine formation, osmoregulation; regulation of kidney function-renin-angiotensin, atrial natriuretic factor
Excretory products and their elimination: Regulation of kidney function-ADH and diabetes insipidus; role of other organs in excretion; disorders; uraemia, renal failure, renal carcuri, nephritis; dialysis and artificial kidney
Locomotion and movement: Types of movement-ciliary, flagelar, muscular; skeletal muscle-contractile proteins and muscle contraction; skeletal system and its functions (To be dealt with the relevant practical of practical syllabus); Joints
Locomotion and movement: Disorders of muscular and skeletal system-myasthenia gravis, tetany, muscular dystrophy, arthritis, osteoporosis, gout
Neural control and coordination: Neuron and nerves; nervous system in humans, central nervous system, peripheral nervous system and visceral nervous system; generation and conduction of nerve impulse
Chemical coordination and regulation: Endocrine glands and hormones; human endocrine system-hypothalamus, pituitary, pineal, thyroid, parathyroid, adrenal, pancreas, gonads; mechanism of hormone action (elementary idea)
Chemical coordination and regulation: Role of hormones as messengers and regulators, hypo-and hyperactivity and related disorders (common disorders e.g. dwarfism, acromegaly, cretinism, goiter, exophthalmic goiter, diabetes, Addison’s disease)

Zoology: Unit 05

Human reproduction: Male and female reproductive systems; microscopic anatomy of testis and ovary; gametogenesis- spermatogenesis & oogenesis; menstrual cycle; fertilisation, embryo development upto blastocyst formation, implantation
Human reproduction: Pregnancy and placenta formation (elementary idea); parturition (elementary idea); lactation (elementary idea)
Reproductive health: Need for reproductive health and prevention of sexually transmitted diseases (STD); birth control-need and methods, contraception and medical termination of pregnancy (MTP); amniocentesis
Reproductive health: Infertility and assisted reproductive technologies-IVF, ZIFT, GIFT (elementary idea for general awareness)

Zoology: Unit 06

Genetics and evolution
Heredity and variation: Chromosomes and genes; sex determination in humans, birds, honey bee; linkage and crossing over; sex linked inheritance-haemophilia colour blindness; Mendelian disorders in humans-thalassemia; chromosomal disorders in humans
Heredity and variation: Down’s syndrome, Turner’s and Klinefelter’s syndromes
Molecular basis of inheritance: Genome and human genome project; DNA fingerprinting, protein biosynthesis
Evolution: Origin of life; biological evolution and evidences for biological evolution from paleontology, comparative anatomy, embryology and molecular evidence); Darwin’s contribution, modern synthetic theory of evolution
Evolution: Mechanism of evolution variation (mutation and recombination) and natural selection with examples, types of natural selection; gene flow and genetic drift; Hardy-Weinberg’s principle; adaptive radiation; human evolution

Zoology: Unit 07

Biology and human welfare
Health and Disease; pathogens; parasites causing human diseases (malaria, filariasis, ascariasis, typhoid, pneumonia, common cold, amoebiasis, ringworm, dengue, chikungunya)
Basic concepts of immunology-vaccines; cancer, HIV and AIDS; adolescence, drug and alcohol abuse
Tobacco abuse
Microbes in human welfare: In household processing, industrial production, sewage treatment

Zoology: Unit 08

Biotechnology and its applications
Principles and process of biotechnology: Genetic engineering (recombinant DNA technology)
Application of biotechnology in health and agriculture: Human insulin and vaccine production, gene therapy genetically modified organisms-Bt crops; transgenic animals; biosafety issues-biopiracy and patents

Botany: Unit 01

Diversity in living world
What is living?; biodiversity; need for classification; taxonomy & systematics; concept of species and taxonomical hierarchy; binomial nomenclature
Five kingdom classification; salient features and classification of monera; protista and fungi into major groups; lichens; viruses and viroids
Salient features and classification of plants into major groups-algae, bryophytes, pteridophytes, gymnosperms (three to five salient and distinguishing features and at least two examples of each category)

Botany: Unit 02

Structural organisation in animals and plants
Morphology and modifications; tissues; anatomy and functions of different parts of flowering plants: Root, stem, leaf, inflorescence-cymose and racemose
Anatomy and functions of different parts of flowering plants: Flower fruit and seed (to be dealt along with the relevant practical of the practical syllabus) family (malvaceae, cruciferae, leguminosae, compositae, gramineae)

Botany: Unit 03

Plant physiology
Photosynthesis: Photosynthesis as a means of autotrophic nutrition; site of photosynthesis take place; pigments involved in photosynthesis (elementary idea); photochemical and biosynthetic phases of photosynthesis
Photosynthesis: Cyclic and non cyclic and photophosphorylation; chemiosmotic hypothesis; photorespiration C3 and C4 pathways; factors affecting photosynthesis
Respiration: Exchange gases; cellular respiration-glycolysis, fermentation (anaerobic), TCA cycle and electron transport system (aerobic); energy relations-number of ATP molecules generated; amphibolic pathways; respiratory quotient
Plant growth and development: Seed germination; phases of plant growth and plant growth rate; conditions of growth; differentiation, dedifferentiation and redifferentiation; sequence of developmental process in a plant cell; growth regulator-auxin
Plant growth and development: Growth regulator-gibberellin, cytokinin, ethylene, ABA

Botany: Unit 04

Sexual reproduction in flowering plants: Flower structure; development of male and female gametophytes; pollination-types, agencies and examples; outbreeding devices; pollen-pistil interaction; double fertilization
Sexual reproduction in flowering plants: Post fertilization events-development of endosperm and embryo, development of seed and formation of fruit; special modes apomixis, parthenocarpy, polyembryony; significance of seed and fruit formation

Botany: Unit 05

Genetics and evolution
Heredity and variation: Mendelian inheritance; deviations from mendelism Incomplete dominance, codominance, multiple alleles and inheritance of blood groups, pleiotropy; elementary idea of polygenic inheritance; chromosome theory of inheritance
Molecular basis of inheritance: Search for genetic material and DNA as genetic material; structure of DNA and RNA; DNA packaging; DNA replication; central dogma; transcription, genetic code, translation; gene expression and regulation-lac operon

Botany: Unit 06

Biology and human welfare
Microbes in human welfare: Energy generation and as biocontrol agents and biofertilizers

Botany: Unit 07

Ecology and environment
Organisms and environment: Population interactions-mutualism, competition, predation, parasitism, population attributes-growth, birth rate and death rate, age distribution
Ecosystem: Pattems, components; productivity and decomposition; energy flow; pyramids of number, biomass, energy
Biodiversity and its conservation: Concept of biodiversity; patterns of biodiversity; importance of biodiversity; loss of biodiversity; biodiversity conservation; hotspots, endangered organisms, extinction; red data book, biosphere reserves
Biodiversity and its conservation: National parks and sanctuaries, sacred groves

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NEET Exam Previous Year Question Papers

Previous year’s NEET question paper all codes: (English & Hindi)
NEET question combined setsEnglishHindi
E1+F1+G1+H1Click hereClick here
E2+F2+G2+H2Click hereClick here
E3+F3+G3+H3Click hereClick here
E4+F4+G4+H4Click hereClick here
E5+F5+G5+H5Click here
E6+F6+G6+H6Click here

NEET exam papers: Regional languages

NEET question paper languageLink
TeluguClick here
GujaratiClick here
MarathiClick here
TamilClick here
BengaliClick here
KannadaClick here
OdiaClick here
UrduClick here
AssameseClick here

NEET application fee 2024

CategoriesApplication fees
GeneralRs. 1700/-
General-EWS/ OBC-NCL*Rs 1600/-
SC/ST/PH/Third gender CandidatesRs. 1000/-

NEET Eligibility Criteria 2024

ParametersEligibility criteria
NationalityIndian Nationals, Foreign Nationals, NRI, PIO, OCI
Age requirement for NTA NEET 2024Born on or before 31-12-2007. Must have completed a minimum of 17 years of age at the time of admission as of 31 December 2024.
Minimum qualificationCandidates must have passed 10+2 with Physics, Chemistry, Biology/Biotechnology, and English as core subjects from a recognized board.
Minimum marks required in the qualifying examinationGeneral – 50%, OBC/SC/ST – 40%, PWD – 40%
Number of permitted attempts

Qualifications and Qualifying Examination Codes

  • CODE: 01 – A candidate who is appearing in the qualifying examination, i.e., class 12 in 2024, whose result is awaited
  • CODE: 02 – Candidates who have passed Class 12
  • CODE: 03 – The Intermediate/Pre-degree Examination in Science of an Indian University/Board or other recognized
  • CODE: 04 – The Pre-professional/Pre-medical Examination
  • CODE: 05 – The first year of the three years’ degree course of a recognized University
  • Full Details in Bulletin Click Here

Documents Required at Counselling

Documents List
  • NEET 2024 admit card
  • Rank letter/score card
  • Date of birth certificate (if Class 10 pass certificate does not reflect the date of birth)
  • Class 12 pass certificate
  • Class 12 marks sheet
  • Class 10 pass certificate
  • Eight passport size photograph (same as affixed on NEET application form)
  • Provisional allotment letter
  • Identity proof
  • Passport copy of sponsorer (only for NRI/OCI candidates)
  • Sponsorship affidavit stating the sponsorer will take the responsibility for all the expenses incurred in the whole duration of the course (only for NRI/OCI candidates)
  • Relationship affidavit stating the relationship of the candidate with the sponsorer (only for NRI/OCI candidates)
  • Caste certificate (if applicable)
  • Disability certificate (if applicable)

NEET Application Date (Year-wise Exam date vs Application date)

YearNEET exam dateNEET application release date
NEET 2024May 5, 2024February 9, 2024
NEET 2023May 7, 2023March 6, 2023
NEET 2022July 17, 2022April 6, 2022
NEET 2021September 12, 2021July 13, 2021
NEET 2020September 13, 2020December 2, 2019
NEET 2019May 5, 2019November 1, 2018

NEET Applicant Statistics Over the Years

CandidatesNEET 2023NEET 2022NEET 2021NEET 2020NEET 2019NEET 2018NEET 2017
Number of candidates registered208746218723431614777159743515,19,37513,26,72511,38,890
Number of candidates appeared203859617645711544275136694514,10,75512,69,92210,90,085
Registered male candidates9029368075387109797165866,80,4145,80,6494,97,043
Appeared male candidates6180756,30,2835,53,8494,73,305
Registered female candidates118451310647949037828808438,38,9557,46,0756,41,839
Appeared female candidates7488667,80,4677,16,0726,16,772
Registered transgender candidates1311166618

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